On the evening of Friday, November 13th, 130 people were killed and 368 people were wounded in a series of coordinated terrorist attacks throughout the city of Paris and one of its northern suburbs, Saint-Denis. Saint-Denis was attacked with three suicide bombings outside the national stadium (Stade de France) located there. There were four mass shootings within Paris and one more suicide bomb attack.
The largest number of fatalities and injuries occurred after a hostage stand-off at the crowded concert venue, Bataclan. Seven of the terrorists were killed, and French police continue to search for accomplices and those connected with the attacks.
Here’s what’s currently known about the terrorists involved in the horrific Paris killings:
- he leader and mastermind behind the Paris attacks is allegedly Abdelhamid Abaaoud.
- Abaaoud was killed following a police raid in Saint-Denis a few days after the attacks.
- One of the other alleged leaders, Salah Abdeslam, is still on the run and wanted by authorities.
- The three suicide bombers outside the Stade de France are identified as Bilal Hadfi, Ahmad al-Mohammed, M al Mahmod; all killed.
- There’s one deceased attacker involved in the killing of Parisians along crowded bars and restaurants who’s still unidentified.
- The two other terrorists who attacked the bars and restaurants are identified as Abdelhamid Abaaoud (a third suspected ringleader), and Brahim Abdelslam; both killed.
- The three terrorists responsible for the Bataclan theatre killings are identified as Omar Ismael Mostefai, Samy Amimour, and one more as-yet-unidentified attacker; all killed.
- All of the men seem to be French nationals, some Belgian-born.
- There are significant links to the radical terrorist group ISIS, which Muslim heads of state condemn.
- Several of the attackers were in possession of fake passports listed false nationalities.
- There are multiple suspected accomplices currently held in French custody.
In the first time since the 2005 riots, France declared a state of emergency. The Paris killings were the largest amount of casualties in the city since the Paris massacre of 1961, which estimated 200 deaths.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (also known as ISIL, ISIS, or Daesh) released a statement claiming that they’d orchestrated the Paris attacks, to which François Hollande, French president, declared to be “an act of war.”
On November 15th, the French Air Force launched its largest single airstrike by dropping at least 20 bombs on Al-Raqqah, where ISIS is based, in response to the November 13th killings. On November 18th, President Hollande announced that France will continue their open-door policy for the 30,000 Syrian refugees they’ve vowed to accept, despite international concerns of increased risks for further terror attacks. The declaration drew a standing ovation.
Although further French plans are as yet to be determined, President Hollande vowed to continue to “mercilessly” combat the threat of terrorism. The French government continues to meet and plan legislative, diplomatic, and defensive strategies.
Public support for Paris has been widespread globally, with pledges of support from social media to public statements.